I think the title is a bit misleading. I would say traditional fascist techniques are required by those in power now that no one believes neoliberal promises (“trickle down economics”). All that is left now is the politics of scapegoating combined with violence. There is a possibility of a return to actual democracy, where masses of people have actual power to improve their situation by voting, but it seems to be a slim possibility. The article is broad in it’s approach but mostly a critique of Modi’s India. From Boston Review.